The coronavirus infects everything it can, including the world’s leading companies.
president Donald Trump announced early Friday that he and First Lady Melania Trump checked positive for the virus. White House chief of staff Mark Meadows said the president is currently with “mild symptoms”.
However, the president’s 74-year-old health profile, clinically obese and male, puts him at higher risk for a potentially serious case of Covid-19.
Many people who test positive for the virus will never develop anything remarkable Symptoms or develop only a mild case of the disease, but data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that the likelihood of getting seriously ill increases with age and the presence of underlying conditions such as obesity.
A severe case of Covid-19 may require hospitalization, an intensive care unit, or a ventilator to make it easier for the patient to breathe. The disease has killed more than 207,800 people in the US So far, according to the Johns Hopkins University.
“The president has several risk factors, all of which are additive because the risk is additive,” said Dr. Leana Wen, former Baltimore City Health Commissioner, in a telephone interview. “When you have multiple risk factors, they all add up.”
While the president is currently experiencing mild symptoms, it can take up to 12 days for more severe symptoms to set in, said Wen, emergency doctor and public health professor at George Washington University. She added as Boris Johnson who UK Prime Minister has been diagnosed with Covid-19 in May, he was not hospitalized for almost 10 days.
“We don’t yet know how difficult [Trump has] got infected. We know he’s positive, “said Howard Markel, a doctor and medical historian at the University of Michigan, on Friday.” He has many risk factors: his age, his weight and who knows about his heart, his cardiovascular health. “
Dr. Syra Madad, senior director of the system-wide program for specific pathogens at New York City Health + Hospitals, said Covid-19 has “a very broad spectrum of diseases.”
“We wish everyone who is diagnosed with Covid-19 a good result, that it has a mild course,” she said. “But it’s also important to know what the reality is and understand that if you are at higher risk, you want to make sure you seek health services sooner.”
Here’s what we know about how the virus is affecting people with the President’s health profile in general:
“In adults, the risk of developing serious illness from COVID-19 increases with age, with older adults being the highest risk,” the CDC said said.
Trump, 74, is the oldest first-term president in the office’s history. People between the ages of 65 and 74 caused more than 21% of all Covid-19 deaths in the United States, according to the CDC. People in this age group are five times more likely to be hospitalized than people between 18 and 29 years of age. the CDC saysand 90 times more likely to die from Covid-19.
The CDC estimates For people over 70 who become infected with the virus, including those who have not been diagnosed and who may not develop symptoms, 5.4% die.
However, the data shows that most people at Trump’s age will recover from Covid-19 and with the availability of relatively new treatments like the antiviral drug Remdesivir, the risk of death is lower. In the event that Trump becomes seriously ill and needs oxygen, for example, doctors could use steroids like dexamethasone, which have been shown to reduce the risk of death by up to a third.
However, underlying medical conditions can complicate the risks associated with the disease.
According to a June report from Trump’s doctor, Dr. Sean Conley, the president, has at least one illness that increases his risk profile: mild obesity.
Conley wrote that Trump weighed 6 feet, 3 inches tall, and 244 pounds at the time of the investigation earlier this year. That brings his Body mass index at 30.5, which means he is easily obese.
Wen, the former Baltimore health commissioner, added that Trump had previously shown signs of severe heart disease. In 2018, Dr. Ronny Jackson, then a White House doctor, said the president’s coronary calcium had risen from 34 in 2009 to 133. A value above 100 could indicate moderate plaque buildup, which could indicate a heart condition that is pushing Trump further into danger.
Serious heart disease increases the risk associated with Covid-19. the CDC said.
Of all confirmed Covid-19 deaths in the US, 54% have occurred in men CDC data.
A study published in the medical journal last month Internal Medicine Annals said that the risks associated with obesity were particularly pronounced in men. Researchers are still investigating why men appear to be disproportionately affected by Covid-19.
Wen said that despite these risk factors, the chances are the president will recover, as most patients do. But the question remains: how sick will Trump get?
“It sounds like he has some symptoms, but he may have seizures that don’t progress,” she said, adding that many patients’ condition worsens after a week.
“So we shouldn’t feel reassured if the president seems okay at first because we’ll have to wait a long time to see how his illness goes.”