The Maldives could disappear by the end of the century if the world does not act swiftly and coherently against climate change, the country’s minister for the environment, climate change and technology said.
Speaking to CNBC on Tuesday, Aminath Shauna said the country “won’t be here” by 2100 if environmental damage continues at its current rate. “We won’t survive,” she said.
“Climate change is real and we are the most vulnerable country in the world,” Shauna told Capital Connection from Male. “There is no higher level for us … it’s just us, it’s just our islands and the sea.”
The World Economic Forum has estimated that 80% of the world’s people will be affected by climate change by 2050. In the meantime, scientists are suggesting that sea levels could rise as much as possible 1.1 meters by 2100.
If such predictions are correct, the South Asian archipelago state, famous for living on the island, could be among the hardest hit.
Today, 80% of the country’s 1,190 islands are just one meter above sea level, making them particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels. According to Shauna, 90% of the islands have already reported flooding, 97% coastal erosion and 64% serial erosion.
“Our income, our food and our survival depend on how we address these vulnerabilities today. The future of our country, the future of our people, the future of our culture – everything depends on what we do today.”
Cement blocks are being placed along the coast to prevent further coastal erosion in Mahibadhoo in the Maldives.
Carl Court | Getty Images News | Getty Images
The Maldives has already put in place several adaptation measures to minimize the effects of climate change, such as coastal defense instruments and community resilience programs, Shauna said. In addition, the country wants to become a “leader in mitigation measures”, for example in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
“We want to lead the effort and say if the Maldives can do it, so can the world,” said Shauna, calling on individuals and governments to get involved.
Last year the Maldives released updated destinations for Reduce 26% of emissions and achieve net carbon-free emissions by 2030. However, such progress will not be possible without international cooperation, she said.
“We need every individual in the world to address climate change on a personal level and on a political level through governments,” said Shauna. “Ambitious goals are urgently needed to help not just the Maldives but all of the small island states.”